Fission inside nuclear reactors produces many free neutrons.Water is an excellent substance for absorbing the energy of fast neutrons and thereby producing heat, because water is cheap and contains so much hydrogen.Next, the two competing theories will be summarized: the hydroplate theory and the chemical evolution theory.Readers can then judge for themselves which theory better explains the evidence.When fission occurs, mass is lost and energy is released.Likewise, when light nuclei merge (a process called mass is lost and energy is released.All are carbon, because they have 6 protons, but respectively, they have 6, 7, and 8 neutrons—or 12, 13, and 14 nucleons.
The closer the mass of a nucleus is to the mass of an iron or nickel nucleus (60 AMU), the more binding energy that nucleus has per nucleon.
To see why A carbon-12 atom’s mass is exactly 12.000000 AMU—by definition.
In building a carbon-12 atom from 6 protons, 6 neutrons, and 6 electrons: Loss of Mass (m) = 12.098940 - 12.000000 = 0.098940 AMU Gain of Binding Energy (E) = 0.098940 AMU c Figure 200: Binding Energy.
Evolutionists say earth’s radioactive material evolved in stars and their exploded debris.
Billions of years later, the earth formed from that debris.